cleaning and maintenance can take many different forms.
Mopping, scrubbing, vacuuming, pressure washing, steam
cleaning extraction, degreasing, repairing, and resealing
are examples of regular or periodic maintenance programs.
Often the type of maintenance is dictated by factors such as interior or exterior
flooring, type of use, surface damage, and state or federal codes. Facilities
handling food, public spaces, distribution centers, and manufacturing plants
have different maintenance requirements and programs based on need and usage.
The type of method used will be determined by the surface being treated. Each
finished flooring manufacturer provides the recommended method, media, and
frequency for proper maintenance of their product. Often the operating schedule
of a facility as well as volume of traffic determines the equipment used and
frequency required to properly maintain the surface.
It is important to verify that products used do not adversely affect the stain
or chemical resistance of the flooring. Using media or chemicals too aggressive
for the surface can contribute to premature degradation of the floor and will
likely void the manufacturer’s warranty. Timely implementation of a proper
cleaning and maintenance program in addition to regular inspection can add
years to the lifespan of installed flooring.
There are many different types of cleaning and maintenance methods available.
Timely implementation and regular inspection can add years to the lifespan
of the installed flooring.
Each surface has specific guidelines for the proper daily and periodic maintenance
required to maintain the surface. The products and procedures used will be
determined by the type of surface, the installed environment, and the overall
surface condition. It is important to follow both the floor covering manufacturers
written procedures as well as the maintenance product and equipment guidelines
to assure a safe, long-term program that will maintain the floor at its’ optimum
aesthetic and performance level.
Benefits and Limitations
All floor systems have specific requirements for successful installation and
long-term maintenance. It is important to verify that the product manufacturer’s
written guidelines govern the installation and maintenance process. Adherence
to instructions is critical for maintaining the manufacturer’s warranty.
Neglecting these instructions will almost certainly void the warranty. Proper
product selection based on end use, the appropriate scheduling with other trades,
testing/compliance to product moisture requirements as well as installation
per industry Best Practice methods are necessary for a quality flooring installation.
A consistent cleaning and maintenance program will prolong use of the floor
surface and maintain a safer walking surface. While maintenance programs can
go a long way toward increasing the lifespan of the surface, all flooring materials
will eventually breakdown and need to be replaced if cleaning becomes too aggressive.
Typically, the floor is subject to the most abuse in any normal business. Keeping
the floor in good condition takes a little forethought and consistent effort.
The first step to maintaining floors is preventing as much soil, debris, and
potential damaging agents from being introduced to the environment in the first
place. Exterior and interior walk-off mats can minimize the amount of sand,
water, and foreign matter that are tracked onto the floor. Limiting contaminants
will simplify maintenance.
- Vacuuming, dust-mopping,
and/or damp-mopping are typically employed on a daily
basis on interior floor surfaces to maintain a clean,
safe, and contaminant free surface.
Cleaning is utilized to extract soil from
concrete surfaces. It is also an excellent preparation
method for the resealing of concrete surfaces since
it deep cleans and leaves a relatively dry surface.
The added heat helps lift stubborn soil that may
not be removed by other methods.
- Degreasing is
the process used to remove oil, fluid, or other residual
liquid contaminants from a hard surface. Specially
formulated materials in a high pH or citrus base are
used to cut and breakdown fluid contaminants so they
may be removed. Often other methods such as pressure
washing or steam cleaning are used in conjunction with
degreasers to expedite the process.
Washing is a method of cleaning exterior
surfaces to remove normal dirt and soil as well as
occasional contaminants such as gum, spills, and
other surface debris. Regular pressure washing usually
is done weekly to monthly depending on frequency
of traffic and end-user objectives.
and/or resealing surfaces are an inexpensive
means to insure a clean working environment and prevent
premature deterioration of the finished floor system.
Generally, the surface is thoroughly cleaned and
allowed to dry. The sealer or wax must be compatible
with the existing sealer or surface finish and suitable
for the traffic type and frequency to which it will
be subjected. Floor product manufacturers typically
provide written compatibility data. If written documentation
is not available, consult the company’s technical
service department to verify compatibility prior
to undertaking any stripping or sealing procedures.
- Burnishing is
a higher speed buffing process employed to create a
high luster to specially formulated wax/polymer finishes.
Products that are designed for burnishing are typically
designated as UHS or Ultra High Speed finishes and
are not recommended for urethane coatings.